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Research Groupings

LGBT+ Mental Health


Our research investigates factors which contribute to the mental health of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and other sexual and gender minority individuals (LGBT+).  We apply the findings to develop interventions to reduce distress in sexual and gender minorities.  We use methods from experimental psychology, clinical and health psychology, genetics, biology and neuroscience.

Lead Investigators

Dr Katharine Rimes

Dr Qazi Rahman

Postgraduate Research Students

Sheila Ali

Livia Bridge

Ashley Brown

Jake Camp

Natasha Fong

Georgina Gnan

Lovedeep Rai

Anna-Sophia Warren

Yin Xu

Current MSc Students

Eleonora Uglik-Marucha

Collaborators and Visiting Researchers

Collaborators include:

Dan Baker (University of Greenwich)

Kai-Yuan Cheng (UCL)

Prof. Shelley Craig (University of Toronto) and others from International Partnership for the Queer Youth Resilience team

Amelia Foy

Dr David Frost (UCL)

Billy Gazard

Dr David Hambrook (South London and Maudsley NHS Trust)

Dr Stephani Hatch

Dr Kimberley Goldsmith

Dr Dylan Kneale (UCL)

Professor Ilan Meyer (UCLA)

Olakunle Oginni (King’s College London)

Dr Patrick Smith

Dr Liadh Timmins (King’s College London)

Dr Greg Ussher (Metro Charity)

Dr Silia Vitoratou

Dr Janet Wingrove (South London and Maudsley NHS Trust)



Collaborating organisations include:

Metro Centre (

Schools Out  (

South London and Maudsley NHS Trust (

Student Minds


"Through the Rainbow Lens": LGBT + mental health film LGBT+ Questionnaires

These measures are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original authors and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. If you transform or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the same license as the original. Please send a copy of the report from your study to Dr. Liam Timmins ( if you use or adapt any of these scales.

Link to questionnaires:

These measures should be cited as follows:

Timmins, L., Rimes, K. A. & Rahman (2017).  Gender and Sexual Minority Microaggressions Scale [Measurement instrument].  

Timmins, L., Rimes, K. A. & Rahman (2017).  Gender and Sexual Minority Presentation Management Inventory [Measurement instrument].  

Timmins, L., Rimes, K. A. & Rhaman (2017).  Gender Identity Self-Stigma Scale [Measurement instrument].

Timmins, L., Rimes, K. A. & Rhaman (2017).  Vigilance for Others' Suspicions Scale [Measurement instrument].

Current Research Projects

Title: The International Partnership for the Queer Youth (INQYR)

Investigators: Shelley Craig and INQYR Project Team


Title: Childhood gender nonconformity, sexual orientation and distress: Longitudinal study.

Investigators: Katharine Rimes, Qazi Rahman, Anna-Sophie Warren, Angeliki Argyriou, Olakunle Oginni, Natasha Fong, Abbeygail Jones, Kimberley Goldsmith, Kai-Yuan (Kyle) Cheng, Emily Robinson


Title:  Mental health in LGBT+ youth in England: The Youth Chances project

Investigators: Katharine Rimes, Elizabeth West, Greg Ussher, Dan Baker, Qazi Rahman, Sandhya Shivakumar, Nicola Goodship, Alice O’Grady.


Title: Investigation of a cognitive behavioural approach to understanding and intervening with mental health problems in lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender students.

Investigators: Georgina Gnan, Qazi Rahman, Katharine Rimes


Title: Development of an intervention to enhance self-esteem in LGBQ young adults

Investigators: Livia Bridge, Katharine Rimes, Patrick Smith


Title: The Self-Acceptance of Sexuality Inventory (SASI) for those who experience same-sex, multiple-sex, or nonbinary attractions: Development and Psychometric Properties

Investigators: Jake Camp, Katharine Rimes, Silia Vitoratou


Title: LGBQ+ adults' experiences of IAPT or NHS primary care counselling services

Investigators: Katharine Rimes, Vanessa Fernandes, Amelia Foy, Daniel Morris


Title: A qualitative study exploring stigma-related experiences and low self-esteem in BME LGBQ young people

Investigators: Lovedeep Rai, Katharine Rimes, Patrick Smith


Title: Implicit response biases in bisexual men and women.

Investigators: Liam Timmins, Qazi Rahman


Recent Publications

Oginni, O. A., Robinson, E. J., Jones, A. T., Rahman, Q., & Rimes, K. A. (Published online 2018). Mediators of Increased Self-Harm and Suicidal Ideation in Sexual Minority Youth: A Longitudinal Study. Psychological Medicine.

Hawthorne, O., Rimes, K.A., Camic, P. (published online 28 Aug 2018). Understanding the structure, experiences and challenges of social support for older lesbian, gay and bisexual people: A systematic review. Ageing and Society. DOI: 10.1017/S0144686X18000910

Abé, C., Rahman, Q., Långström, N., Rydén, E., Ingvar, M. & Landén, M. (2018). Cortical brain structure and sexual orientation in adult females with bipolar disorder or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder' Brain and Behavior, vol. 8, no. 7, e00998. DOI: 10.1002/brb3.998

Rimes, K. A., Shivakumar, S., Ussher, G., Baker, D., Rahman, Q., & West, E. (2018). Psychosocial factors associated with suicide attempts, ideation and future risk in lesbian, gay and bisexual youth: The Youth Chances Study. Crisis. Published online: 21 June 2018.  DOI: 10.1027/0227-5910/a000527

Green, L., Rimes, K.A. & Rahman, Q. (2018). Beliefs about others’ perceptions–gender typicality: Scale development and relationships to gender nonconformity, sexual orientation, and well-being. Journal of Sex Research, 55, 837-849. 1-13. DOI: 10.1080/00224499.2017.1384785

Rimes, K. A., Broadbent, M., Holden, R., Rahman, Q., Hambrook, D., Hatch, S. L., & Wingrove, J. (2017). Comparison of Treatment Outcomes Between Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Heterosexual Individuals Receiving a Primary Care Psychological Intervention. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 1-18. DOI: 10.1017/S1352465817000583

Rimes, K. A., Goodship, N., Ussher, G., Baker, D., & West, E. (2017). Non-binary and binary transgender youth: Comparison of mental health, self-harm, suicidality, substance use and victimisation experiences. International Journal of Transgenderism, 1-11. DOI: 10.1080/15532739.2017.1370627

Timmins, L., Rimes, K. A., & Rahman, Q. (2017). Minority stressors, rumination, and psychological distress in monozygotic twins discordant for sexual minority status. Psychological Medicine, 1-8. DOI: 10.1017/S003329171700321X

Green, L., Rimes, K. A., & Rahman, Q. (2017). Beliefs About Others’ Perceptions—Gender Typicality: Scale Development and Relationships to Gender Nonconformity, Sexual Orientation, and Well-Being. Journal of Sex Research, 1-13. DOI: 10.1080/00224499.2017.1384785

Timmins, L. E., Rimes, K. A., & Rahman, Q. (2017). Minority stressors and psychological distress in transgender individuals. Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity, 4(3), 328-340. DOI: 10.1037/sgd0000237

Jones, A., Robinson, E. J., Oginni, O., Rahman, Q., & Rimes, K. A. (2017). Anxiety disorders, gender nonconformity, bullying and self-esteem in sexual minority adolescents: prospective birth cohort study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry58(11), 1201-1209. DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12757

Oginni, O. A.,  Mapayi, B., Mosaku, K., Rimes, K.A. (2016). Risky sexual behaviour among gay Nigerian students and association with mental health morbidity and intimate partner violence . Poster presented at Improving the Health and Wellbeing of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Trans People and Communities conference, Public Health England, London, January 2016.

Timmins, L., Barnes-Holmes, D., & Cullen, C. (2016).  Measuring implicit sexual response biases to nude male and female pictures in androphilic and gynephilic men.  Archives of Sexual Behavior, 45(4), 829-841.  DOI: 10.1007/s10508-016-0725-3.

Woodhead, C., Gazard, B., Hotopf, M., Rahman, Q., Rimes, K.A., Hatch, S.L. (2015). Mental health among UK inner city non-heterosexuals: the role of risk factors, protective factors and place. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences. Published online 12 Aug 2015; DOI: 10.1017/S2045796015000645.

Hawthorne, O., Rahman, Q., Rimes, K.A. (2013). An investigation of access, efficacy and experience for lesbian, gay and bisexual identifying people in Southwark Psychological Therapies Service. Audit report, South London and Maudsley NHS Trust.

Burri, A., Rahman, Q., & Spector, T. D. (2011). Genetic and environmental risk factors for sexual distress and its association with female sexual dysfunction. Psychological Medicine, 41, 2435-2445.

Frisell, T., Lichtenstein, P., Rahman, Q., & Langstrom, N. (2010). Psychiatric morbidity associated with same-sex sexual behaviour: Influence of minority stress and familial factors. Psychological Medicine, 40, 315-324.

Research opportunities in LGBT+ mental health at King's College London

If you are interested in undertaking a PhD, DClinPsy, post-doctoral or Master’s level research in LGBT+ mental health at KCL, please send your CV to Katharine Rimes ( ) and Qazi Rahman (

For a PhD or Masters project you will need either a 1st class degree or a high 2:1 with evidence of work at 1st class level.

Information about postgraduate study at King’s College London:

Examples of possible research topics:

-          Psychological therapies services for lesbian, gay and bisexual individuals: Improving accessibility and service-user experience.

-          Longitudinal analysis of biological and psychosocial predictors of mental health outcomes in lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT+) populations.

-          Experimental investigation of the impact of stigmatisation on the mental health of LGBT+ individuals

Postdoctoral Opportunities – potential postdoctoral fellowship options include Horizon 2020, Marie Curie, Newton International Fellowships, Leverhulme Trust, Wellcome Trust, as well as UK and overseas funding bodies.

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