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Research Groupings

LGBT+ Mental Health

Our research investigates factors which contribute to the mental health of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and other sexual and gender minority individuals (LGBT+).  We apply the findings to develop interventions to reduce distress in sexual and gender minorities.  We use methods from experimental psychology, clinical and health psychology, genetics, biology and neuroscience.

Lead Investigators

Dr Katharine Rimes

Dr Qazi Rahman

Research staff

Dr Liam Timmins, Post-doctoral Research Associate

Postgraduate Research Students

Angeliki Argyriou

Livia Bridge

Jake Camp

Natasha Fong

Georgina Gnan

Oliver Hawthorne (Canterbury Christ Church University)

Anna Sophia Warren

Yin Xu

Current MSc Students

Kai-Yuan (Kyle) Cheng

Srishti Banerjee

Alice O'Grady

Collaborators and Visiting Researchers

Collaborators include:

Dan Baker (University of Greenwich)

Billy Gazard

Dr David Hambrook (South London & Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust)

Dr Stephani Hatch

Dr Kimberley Goldsmith

Olakunle Oginni (Lecturer, Department of Mental Health, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria and Honorary Consultant Psychiatrist, Mental Health Unit, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria)

Dr Patrick Smith

Dr Greg Ussher (Metro Charity) 

Dr Janet Wingrove (South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust)

Prof Elizabeth West (University of Greenwich)

Charlotte Woodhead (University College London)


Collaborating organisations include:

Metro Centre (

Schools Out  (

South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust (

LGBT+ Questionnaires

These measures are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (, which permits unrestricted non-commerical use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original authors and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.  If you transform or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under this same license as the original.  Please send a copy of the report from your study to Dr Liam Timmins ( if you use or adapt any of these scales.

These measures should be cited as follows (click on citation for PDF of Scale):

Timmins, L., Rimes, K. A. & Rahman (2017).  Gender and Sexual Minority Microaggressions Scale [Measurement instrument].  

Timmins, L., Rimes, K. A. & Rahman (2017).  Gender and Sexual Minority Presentation Management Inventory [Measurement instrument].  

Timmins, L., Rimes, K. A. & Rhaman (2017).  Gender Identity Self-Stigma Scale [Measurement instrument].

Timmins, L., Rimes, K. A. & Rhaman (2017).  Vigilance for Others' Suspicions Scale [Measurement instrument].

Current Research Projects

Title: Childhood gender nonconformity, sexual orientation and distress: Logitudinal study

Investigators: Katharine Rimes, Qazi Rahman, Olakunle Oginni, Natasha Fong, Abbeygail Jones, Kimberley Goldsmith, Kai-Yuan (Kyle) Cheng


Title: Mental health in LGBT+ youth in England: The Youth Chances project

Investigators: Katharine Rimes, Elizabeth West, Greg Ussher, Dan Baker, Qazi Rahman, Sandhya Shivakumar, Nicola Goodship, Srishti Banerjee, Alice O'Grady


Title:  Investigation of a cognitive behavioural approach to understanding and intervening with mental health problems in lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender students

Investigators: Georgina Gnan, Qazi Rahman, Katharine Rimes


Title: Experiences of LGB service-users in IAPT services in South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust

Investigators:  Katharine Rimes, David Hambrook, Rachel Holden, Matthew Broadbent, Janet Wingrove, Stephani Hatch, Qazi Rahman


Title: A grounded theory exploration of the caring relationships around older lesbian and gay people with long term health problems

Investigators: Oliver Hawthorne and Paul Camic from Canterbury Christ Church University, Katharine Rimes


Title: Implicit response biases in bisexual men and women

Investigators: Liam Timmins, Qazi Rahman


Recent Publications

Rimes, K. A., Shivakumar, S., Ussher, G., Baker, D., Rahman, Q., & West, E. (In press). Psychosocial factors associated with suicide attempts, ideation and future risk in lesbian, gay and bisexual youth: The Youth Chances Study. Crisis.

Rimes, K. A., Broadbent, M., Holden, R., Rahman, Q., Hambrook, D., Hatch, S. L., & Wingrove, J. (2017). Comparison of Treatment Outcomes Between Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Heterosexual Individuals Receiving a Primary Care Psychological Intervention. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 1-18. DOI: 10.1017/S1352465817000583

Rimes, K. A., Goodship, N., Ussher, G., Baker, D., & West, E. (2017). Non-binary and binary transgender youth: Comparison of mental health, self-harm, suicidality, substance use and victimisation experiences. International Journal of Transgenderism, 1-11. DOI: 10.1080/15532739.2017.1370627

Timmins, L., Rimes, K. A., & Rahman, Q. (2017). Minority stressors, rumination, and psychological distress in monozygotic twins discordant for sexual minority status. Psychological Medicine, 1-8. DOI: 10.1017/S003329171700321X

Green, L., Rimes, K. A., & Rahman, Q. (2017). Beliefs About Others’ Perceptions—Gender Typicality: Scale Development and Relationships to Gender Nonconformity, Sexual Orientation, and Well-Being. Journal of Sex Research, 1-13. DOI: 10.1080/00224499.2017.1384785

Timmins, L. E., Rimes, K. A., & Rahman, Q. (2017). Minority stressors and psychological distress in transgender individuals. Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity, 4(3), 328-340. DOI: 10.1037/sgd0000237

Jones, A., Robinson, E. J., Oginni, O., Rahman, Q., & Rimes, K. A. (2017). Anxiety disorders, gender nonconformity, bullying and self-esteem in sexual minority adolescents: prospective birth cohort study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry58(11), 1201-1209. DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12757

Oginni, O. A.,  Mapayi, B., Mosaku, K., Rimes, K.A. (2016). Risky sexual behaviour among gay Nigerian students and association with mental health morbidity and intimate partner violence . Poster presented at Improving the Health and Wellbeing of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Trans People and Communities conference, Public Health England, London, January 2016.

Timmins, L., Barnes-Holmes, D., & Cullen, C. (2016).  Measuring implicit sexual response biases to nude male and female pictures in androphilic and gynephilic men.  Archives of Sexual Behavior, 45(4), 829-841.  DOI: 10.1007/s10508-016-0725-3.

Woodhead, C., Gazard, B., Hotopf, M., Rahman, Q., Rimes, K.A., Hatch, S.L. (2015). Mental health among UK inner city non-heterosexuals: the role of risk factors, protective factors and place. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences. Published online 12 Aug 2015; DOI: 10.1017/S2045796015000645.

Hawthorne, O., Rahman, Q., Rimes, K.A. (2013). An investigation of access, efficacy and experience for lesbian, gay and bisexual identifying people in Southwark Psychological Therapies Service. Audit report, South London and Maudsley NHS Trust.

Burri, A., Rahman, Q., & Spector, T. D. (2011). Genetic and environmental risk factors for sexual distress and its association with female sexual dysfunction. Psychological Medicine, 41, 2435-2445.

Frisell, T., Lichtenstein, P., Rahman, Q., & Langstrom, N. (2010). Psychiatric morbidity associated with same-sex sexual behaviour: Influence of minority stress and familial factors. Psychological Medicine, 40, 315-324.

Research opportunities in LGBT+ mental health at King's College London

If you are interested in undertaking a PhD, DClinPsy, post-doctoral or Master’s level research in LGBT+ mental health at KCL, please send your CV to Katharine Rimes ( and Qazi Rahman (

For a PhD or Masters project you will need either a 1st class degree or a high 2:1 with evidence of work at 1st class level.

Information about postgraduate study at King’s College London:

Examples of possible research topics:

-          Psychological therapies services for lesbian, gay and bisexual individuals: Improving accessibility and service-user experience.

-          Longitudinal analysis of biological and psychosocial predictors of mental health outcomes in lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT+) populations.

-          Experimental investigation of the impact of stigmatisation on the mental health of LGBT+ individuals

Postdoctoral Opportunities – potential postdoctoral fellowship options include Horizon 2020, Marie Curie, Newton International Fellowships, Leverhulme Trust, Wellcome Trust, as well as UK and overseas funding bodies.

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